Title of the project: Exploratory research on the opportunities to increase the life time and efficient recycling of the active components of agricultural equipments

Project Acronym: TRANSAGRO / HURO 1001/234/2.2.2

Priority axis: Strengthen social and economic cohesion of the border area

Key area of intervention: 2.2. Promotion of co-operation in the field of R&D and innovation

Action: 2.2.2. Realization of joint research projects

Planned project starting and ending date: 01/10/2012 - 30/04/2014

Project financed by the HURO - CBC Programme Hungary-Romania 2007-2013

Sources of founding: Requested grant: 360,726 € (96,5%); Own contribution: 13,074 € (3,5%)

Lead Partner http://www.mrisk.ro/irm/images/logo-leader-ro.png
National Research and Development Institute for Welding and Materials Testing – ISIM Timisoara, Romania
Partner http://www.mrisk.ro/irm/images/logo-partener-hu.png
Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Hungary

Problems and challenges

Regarding soil cultivation, there is a constant problem of wear. The wear of agricultural equipment (eg. edge tools, plough-share), their change and repair cause severe challenges. The primary cause of wear on the agricultural equipments is the soil. Soil regional variations cause different wear rates. Given the similar characteristics of soil of the Southern Great Plain from Hungary and Banat plain zone, a joint study on the degree of wear and repair methods is useful and justified.

Soil cultivation equipment which can be purchased in commerce is usually not wear-resistant, their substrate is usually structural steel, spring steel or special steel. If the edge of agricultural equipment is too thick, it prevents water and air from getting into the soil, and it also hinders the development of plant roots. If the edge is weary, it does not cut plant roots.

Thus, wear-resistance is important from two aspects:

  • quality of work;
  • energy consumption.

Taking into account the modern trends to reduce energy consumption and the objective to operate ecologically, it is necessary to find prevention and repair methods to prolong the life of the equipment used for land processing considering that in the action area's economy agriculture is given special emphasis in which several million people are employed. The solution to the problems can be the development of surfaces with new physical and chemical structures (alloys).

Contribution of the project to the EU, national, regional and local strategies

In accordance with EU Lisbon Strategy, the project contributes to the establishment of conditions of knowledge-based society.

In line with the amendments of Goteborg Summit, it also consents to environment protection, development of economic growth, since with the means of agricultural equipment’s development, it strengthens economic activities which are environmentally sustainable.

Besides the above mentioned aspects, th project is in harmony with the partners’ national developmental strategies (New Szechenyi Plan, National Development Plan 2007-2013). Strategic significance of crossborder and interregional cooperation is emphasized as well.

In accordance with Agricultural Environment Management Program (AKG) which is part of the New Hungarian Rural Developmental Program (UMVP), the project’s objective is to develop a methodology which results in sustainable, environment friendly cultivational practice. It provides balance between nature conservation agriculture and rural development, since these areas are organically connected. The project also consents to regional and local strategies to protect the environment.

Added value of the project

The added values of the project are the following:

  1. The alloy developed on the basis of the project’s research and development activity consents to the region’s intervention regarding R&D sector’s capacity development, as well as to the planning and implementation of adaptivity of development.
  2. Cross-border research activities become more stable on the level of organization, and new future projects can be generated in the action area.
  3. The project supports cultivation activity of agricultural farmers in the region in an innovative way. It saves time and energy for those who are going to use equipment with new methodology, and it contributes to the optimalization of soil’s structure and water supply.


©2012 ISIM Timisoara, Romania
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